According to the Futures Industry Association (FIA), the National Stock Exchange of India has surpassed the New York Stock Exchange as the world’s largest derivatives exchange for the third year in a row in terms of the number of contracts traded in 2021. In addition, according to the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) figures for 2021, the exchange placed fourth in terms of cash equities trading.
In the year 2021, the total number of registered investors on the NSE surpassed the 50 million milestone, reaching 55 million. The daily average turnover of equity futures has surged by 4.2 times in the recent decade, from US$ 4.47 billion in 2011 to US$ 18.98 billion in 2021. The daily average turnover of the cash market increased by 6.2 times within the same period, from US$ 1.50 billion in 2011 to US$ 9.3 billion in 2021.
The daily average turnover in currency derivatives surged by 83% from US$ 1.91 billion in 2011 to US$ 3.49 billion in 2021.
According to the exchange, academic research has demonstrated that a well-functioning derivatives market can provide a number of advantages, including greater liquidity and improved price discovery for the underlying assets.
The NSE recently announced that derivatives on the Nifty Midcap Select index will be available beginning January 24, 2022. With broad participation from all classes of investors in the current equity market rise, the midcap segment has come into focus, resulting in greater liquidity in these companies.