About seven million people are killed by air pollution every year. The current model of modern society is unsustainable.
Two leading Professors say that looking through a COVID-19 lens provides us an amazing picture outside and shows some innovative pathways on living in harmony with nature, i.e. new-modern society.
They are Professor Suresh Bhargava, RMIT University, Australia (pictured above) and Professor Seeram Ramakrishnan, National University of Singapore (below).
Here are some points from their recent paper on the topic:
Contrary to devastating effects, the COVID19 had positive outcomes in terms of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, depletion of natural resources, and climate change. Satellite imageries confirm the reduction of NOx, SOx and other pollutants in all cities of the world.
COVID19 provides an opportunity to rethink everything humans do. The current model of modern society is unsustainable. Reversing the clock and going back to pre-modern society built on fulfilling just the needs of humans is not realistic.
Sustaining the modern society built on fulfilling the needs and wants of humans requires out of the box thinking. In the current climate of COVID, companies are struggling to survive on top of challenges in industry 4.0 or digitalization of products and services. How will they be able to think about sustainability while their worry is about resilience, and make the necessary adjustments to their business for the long term?
Sustainability has tended to be a secondary priority for many industries and especially SME businesses. Now faced with business survival and viability concerns, what is the status of existing sustainability initiatives in companies and across industries? How has the pandemic affected existing initiatives and longer-term targets, plans and ambitions on the sustainability front? How can organisations get back on track with regard to their sustainability ambitions e.g. are there synergistic business-led propositions that can serve these aims? What countries can do in terms of sustainability, circular economy and Paris agreement to decarbonize while growing shrink economies and rising employment opportunities?
Using a COVID19 lens, there are opportunities for decarbonisation while not compromising the modern ways of living and economic growth.
Countries and companies will shorten the supply chains and value chains. Globalization will take newer form relying more on digital technologies and internet. This will be facilitated by yet to emerge innovations in finance and commerce.
COVID19 has unexpected effect on food industry. Clean meat is touted as a solution to zoonotic diseases associated with current methods of producing meat from the animals. Clean meat is made from plant based, cultivated cells. Hence the carbon footprint is lower than animal sourced meat.
Critics will argue for slow and careful introduction of clean meat to the mass population. Therein lies huge opportunities for innovations, technologies, new jobs and new pathways of economic growth while caring for the Earth.
Importance of safe water and its adequate supply is highlighted by the COVID19. Sustainable future lies in the zero-waste water innovations and technologies.
The single use plastic wastes have been identified for their pollution of the marine ecology and subsequent negative effects on the food chain and human health. Science, business, standards, and policy innovations are needed to replace the petrochemical derived plastics with degradable bioplastics derived from the renewable sources. Designing products with end-of-life considerations and life cycle engineering opens up opportunities for economy growth and new jobs creation while improving the quality of environment.
The Energy sector is also affected by the COVID19. Oil futures went into negative. It is an opportune time for the governments to eliminate the fossil fuel subsidies and invest in renewable energy infrastructure as long-term nation building.
Perhaps, governments and companies should together accelerate the electrification of transportation. New jobs and new economic growth to happen in vehicle design and manufacturing, digitization, as well as charging infrastructure.
COVID19 transformed shopping and brought almost the whole of humanity to on-line shopping. The on-line shopping for groceries and food deliveries are on par with electronic goods and accessories.
Similarly, work has moved to telework, and the Education moved to on-line learning and assessment.
Digital services for virtual meetings, online learning, telemedical diagnostics, government services, ecommerce, grocery delivery, e-banking, and entertainment all experienced unprecedented growth in demand. The hyper scale data centres with their 24x7x365 resilient operation, are the heart of digital transformation.
Looking to the coming decade, the introduction of 5G will further accelerate the digital transformation era with its clear alignment with Industrial 4.0, in which real time data and automation will power more of the industrial world.
Clear messages emerged from the COVID19 pandemic include, the digital transformation is a necessity to keep society running; mental health is important for the general well-being and productivity of a person; and a healthy living environment is a basic human right.
The circular economy vision, decarbonisation and sustainability efforts mitigate climate change thus create opportunities for sustained economic growth and new jobs creation.
Amazing research work by the two and continues the innovative and collaborative approaches of my friend Professor Suresh Bhargava – well done!